Developmental Milestones sub-headings
Your child will change a lot between each stage of their development. Most babies reach certain milestones at similar ages, but some get there faster, and others take a bit longer. Each baby develops at their own speed and in their own way. We have included for your information some general milestones. If you are worried about your child’s development contact their doctor, as they will be able to give you a more accurate idea if your baby is on track or if they need extra support.
Birth – 1 Month:
Most babies can:
- Hold your finger
- Turn their heads – will turn towards a sound or voice
- Lift their head for a few seconds when lying on their tummy, or chest-to-chest
- Make soft little sounds
- See light and dark, white and black shapes and bright colours
- See clearly up to 18-25cms (7-10 inches)
- Be excited by faces
- Blink at bright lights
Most babies can:
- Smile on purpose
- Blow bubbles
- Coo when you talk or play with them
Most babies can:
- Recognize your face
- Smile when smiled at
- Follow objects with their eyes
- Hold their head up
- Coo, gurgle, laugh and squeal
- Open and close their hands
- Kick their legs
Most babies can:
- Smile when they hear your voice or see someone they like
- Smile when they are happy
- Make lots of different sounds
- Turn their head to see where a sound is coming from
- Enjoy listening to music/voices
- Enjoy games like peek-a-boo
- Push themselves up on their arms when they are on their tummy
- Pull themselves to a sitting position if you hold their hands
- Roll over
- Push down on their legs and supports their weight when you hold them
- Put hands and toys into their mouth
- Reach for things with one or two hands
- Grab and shake small toys
- Passes things from one hand to the other
For more information on how you can help your baby develop, and what you need to know about your 0-6 month-old, visit: http://www2.gnb.ca/content/dam/gnb/Departments/h-s/pdf/en/HealthyPeople/LovingCareBirthTo6Months.pdf
Most babies can:
- Sit on their own (when placed in a sitting position — creeping or crawling may not be far off!)
- May start to recognize their name
- Pull themselves to a standing position
- Stand with support
- Pick things up with just a finger and a thumb
- Eat with their finger
- Move around – some crawl, some scoot on their tummies or bums
- Throw, wave, drop, and bang toys together
- Shake head “no”
- Say “dada” and “mama”
- Copy what you do
- Clap hands
- Look for things that go out of sight
- Respond to other people’s feelings: laugh when others are laughing, cry because others are crying
- Turn and look when their name is called
Most babies can:
- Hold a spoon and a cup
- Attempt to feed themselves
- Drink from a cup – with help
- Hold and bite solid foods
- Take a few steps with someone holding their hands
- Stand and bend over
- Take things out of a container
- Say one or two words – you might even hear exclamations like “uh-oh”
- Start to respond to simple requests like “give daddy the ball”, “more?”
- Start to recognize the word “no”
- Perform actions that let you know what they want
- Stack objects like blocks
For more information about your child’s development from 6- 12 months, visit: http://www2.gnb.ca/content/dam/gnb/Departments/h-s/pdf/en/HealthyPeople/LovingCare6To12Months.pdf
Most toddlers can:
- Push and pull things while walking
- Crawl or walk (assisted) up stairs
- Crawl backwards down stairs
- Bend over or squat to pick something up
- Stack 4 blocks (by 18 months)
- Hold and drink from a cup
- Eat finger food
- Take off some clothes – shoes, socks, mittens, hat
- Turn pages in a book
- Put small things through holes into a container
- Say about 10 words
- Understand simple questions and directions like “throw the ball”
- Use words and actions to communicate (i.e. waving)
- Say two-word phrases like “all gone”
- Copy what others do
- Show love for parents and family
Most toddlers can:
- Stand on tiptoes
- Walk backwards and sideways
- Run, jump, and hop
- Push themselves along on a riding toy
- Climb on furniture
- Kick a ball
- Put things into a smaller container
- Sort toys and objects by shape and colour
- Turn knobs
- Open doors
- Say about 50 words
- Point to things when you name them
- Use phrases with 3 or more words like: “Me do it”
- Follow simple directions like “close the door”
- Pretend play
- Become upset and angry when they can’t do what they want
2-3 years old (24-36 months):
Most children can:
- Throw and kick a ball
- Sit on a chair
- Open doors
- Put on a coat
- dress and undress with help
- Copy lines and circles
- Build a tower with more than 6 blocks
- Turn pages one at a time
- Screw and unscrew lids
- Say over 200 words
- Use phrases with 3-5 words
- Ask questions like “Why”,
- Use pronouns like “I”
- Know their first and last name
- Understand two-part directions like: “Go to the door and put on your coat”
- Understand opposites
- Tell you about what they are doing
- Use their imagination
- Laugh at silly ideas and stories
- Enjoy guessing games
- Name pictures in books
- Do simple puzzles
- Count to 3
- Begin to understand simple rules
- Express their love for other people
For more information on your child’s development from 1 to 3 years, visit: http://www2.gnb.ca/content/dam/gnb/Departments/h-s/pdf/en/HealthyPeople/LovingCare1to3Years.pdf
Early Years Evaluation: Direct Assessment
Starting Kindergarten is an exciting and sometimes nerve-wracking time for many families. Registration for Kindergarten opens in October of the year before your child begins school, and you can find out how to register your child in the Anglophone East School District by clicking here.
Following registration, there are many activities you and your child can attend to help ease the transition to their new school and with get to know their new teacher.
There are also a few things the school will need from you to help them to prepare to meet your child’s specific needs and help them to be successful in the education. One of these items is an assessment called the EYE DA.
You will get a call from the school to organize an appointment for your child’s EYE DA.
What is the EYE DA?
The Early Years Evaluation: Direct Assessment assesses four areas of early childhood development: Awareness of Self and Environment, Cognitive skill, Language, and Communication and Physical Development
What is the purpose of the EYE DA?
This assessment gives information on both your child’s developmental strengths and their areas of need which will provide you and your child’s kindergarten teacher with valuable feedback. This information will help to support a positive transition to school.
How do I find more information about the EYE DA?
If you have any questions about your child’s EYE DA please contact Family and Early Childhood Anglophone East Inc. at (506) 853-3061
Most children are ready to start using the toilet sometime between ages 2 and 4. Some start a little earlier, and some a little later. Every child is different and that’s okay!
If you think your child might be ready to begin the process of potty training, here are a few pieces of advice that can help make the transition from diapers to bathroom easier for all involved:
- Look out for the signs that your child is ready to potty train. These signs could be them telling you when they have a wet or dirty diaper, telling you just before they soil their diaper, or showing an interest in seeing you in the bathroom.
- Have a positive attitude about bathroom habits with your toddler. Toilet training requires lots and lots of patience and understanding. This is a learning process for your child and some children can be resistant to change. It is up to them to decide when they are ready to be potty trained, and it is important to be encouraging and not get frustrated. If parents/guardians remain patient, calm, and positive throughout the process, it will be easier on all of you.
Each toddler learns at a different time, so try not to compare your child to other children. If your child is older than four years old and is still not potty trained, please talk to your healthcare provider.
Autism is a spectrum disorder meaning that no two people with Autism will experience it the same. People living with Autism can, and many do, have completely healthy and full lives.
If you think your child may be exhibiting common autistic behaviour, bring your concerns to your doctor and they will be able to help provide a diagnosis. They will also be able to connect you to resources that can help you and your child understand how they interpret the world and how they can excel in their environment.
Living with Autism impacts how a person sees, accepts, and socializes with others. It can cause difficulties in important areas of development such as social interaction, communication, and behavior.
As a spectrum disorder, Autism presents itself differently is in each and every person who lives with it. Some children will show signs when they are babies; others will hit all the developmental milestones as recommended for the first few months or years and then could suddenly start exhibiting symptoms. These symptoms include being withdrawn, aggressive, or the loss of previously developed language skills. These symptoms usually present themselves between the ages of two and four-years-old.
Although Autism is a spectrum disorder, there are some common signs that parents can look for if they are concerned their child may be living with Autism:
– Child not responding to their names
– Child showing little interest in people
– A delay in the time the child begins babbling
Toddlers with autism may have a hard time playing with others, may not imitate the actions of others, and usually prefer to play alone. More signs, symptoms and information can be found at the Association for Science in Autism Treatment website at http://www.asatonline.org/for-parents/ or the Mayo Clinic at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/autism-spectrum-disorder/basics/symptoms/con-20021148.
If you think your child might have Autism, talk about it with your doctor. The symptoms associated with Autism can also be linked with other developmental disorders and the earlier that treatment begins the more effective it will be. It is important to remember that Treatment for Autism in New Brunswick is accessible and funded by our government. The province of New Brunswick provides funding for early intervention from the time of diagnosis until the child starts school, at which point the school and parents will work together to provide your child with the skills and tools they need to be successful in their academic journey and everyday life.
Local resources and services:
>utism Consultants NB, www.acnb.ca or (506) 386-2262 – If you have already received a diagnosis from your doctor, early intervention services.
Hébert Intervention and Learning Services, www.hebertcenter.ca – A private service provider for school-aged children.
The Moncton Autism Resource Centre, www.monctonarc.com/ or (506) 855-9032 – A non-profit resource centre that provides various resources for individuals and families with Autism. They have a large lending library, parent resources, support materials, and a wealth of information available to help you through this process.
Association for Science in Autism Treatment, http://www.asatonline.org/for-parents/ – For parents/caregivers looking for more information about Autism or available treatments.
Myth: Autism is caused by vaccinations – This is not true at all. For more information visit the Center for Disease Control’s website (http://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/concerns/autism.html)